哥伦比亚（Colombia），是南美洲西北部的国家。该国由三个[地区]组成，依次是拉利伯塔德（La Libertad），昆迪纳马卡（Cundinamarca）和梅塔（Meta），他们沿顺时针分别与与广阔的加勒比海， 委内瑞拉， 巴西， 秘鲁， 厄瓜多尔，太平洋西运河区和 巴拿马接壤。 美利坚合众国控制着重要的巴拿马运河。哥伦比亚首都波哥大位于昆迪纳马卡的中部地区。尽管哥伦比亚的面积与 法国， 西班牙和 葡萄牙的总和相同，但它是HOI4中的非主要国家。哥伦比亚的气候和地形很恶劣；该国大部分地区都是山区，许多省份的气温非常炎热，因此损耗率很高。与巴拿马接壤的达里安峡（Darien Gap）是地球上人迹罕至的地区之一；泛美公路（Pan-American Highway）就在此之前停下，并在巴拿马境内继续前行。
1930年，恩里克·奥拉亚·埃雷拉（Enrique Olaya Herrera）总统当选，开始了一个称为自由共和国的时期。在1932年9月至1933年5月之间，秘鲁人宣布沿亚马逊河莱蒂西亚（Leticia）的最南端城镇属于秘鲁，哥伦比亚与南部邻国秘鲁发生了短暂的战争，因为莱蒂西亚由秘鲁人于19世纪创立。总统阿方索·洛佩斯·普马雷霍（Alfonso López Pumarejo）于1934年当选，任期至1938年，由爱德华多·桑托斯（Eduardo Santos）接任。普马雷霍在其第一任期间专注于该国的工业化和经济改革。
- 重视陆军 提供陆军经验和陆军相关研究项目的加成。
- 重视空军 提供空军经验，建立空军基地，并提供空军相关研究项目的加成。
- 重视海军 提供海军经验，建造海军船坞，并提供海军相关研究项目的加成。
- 重视工业 建造民用工厂和军用工厂（即使建筑槽位已满）并提供额外的科研槽。
- 重视政治 提供国家政治走向的选择。
Colombia is unique in South America as it borders both the Caribbean Sea in the north and the Pacific Ocean (Western Canal Zone) in the west. The country shares land borders with 委内瑞拉 in the northeast, 巴拿马 in the northwest, 厄瓜多尔 in the southeast, 秘鲁 in the south and 巴西 in the east and southeast.
The country is subdivided into three states; La Libertad in the north, bordering the Zulia state of Venezuela in the east and Panama in the northwest and the two seas; Cundinamarca in the center also bordering Venezuela (Zulia and a small strip of Miranda state) and Ecuador in the southeast and the Pacific Ocean and Meta, bordering Venezuela (states Miranda and Bolivar) in the northeast, Brazil (Amazonas state) in the east and southeast and Ecuador and Peru (Loreto state) in the south.
The majority of the country except the south of Meta is part of the Northern South America airspace. The sea regions bordering Colombia pertain to the Caribbean Sea (north) and Western Canal Zone (west) airspaces. Panama belongs to the Central America airspace and the southern part of Meta and bordering Brazil and southern Venezuela are in the Amazonas airspace.
The Andes runs straight through Cundinamarca, where also the capital Bogota is located, making Cundinamarca a very mountainous state with one jungle province. The La Guajira Desert in the northern tip of Colombia is in HOI4 represented as Forest. Major rivers are the Cauca (La Libertad) and Magdalena Rivers (La Libertad and Cundinamarca) flowing from south to north into the Caribbean Sea. Meta state has three major rivers; the Meta River flowing into the Orinoco to the northeast and two rivers part of the Amazon Basin to the east into Brazil.
|State||Provinces||Terrain (# prov)||Region||Borders clockwise|
|La Libertad|| Forest (1)
|Developed Rural||Caribbean Sea|
Western Canal Zone
|Cundinamarca|| Mountain (6)
Western Canal Zone
|Meta|| Plains (2)
Three provinces in Meta and two in Cundinamarca are Very Hot, giving Heat Attrition +10.0%.
Every province in Colombia has a Storm climate with the following effects:
|Air Detection||-20.0%||Air Accidents Chance||+30.0%|
|Naval Detection||-20.0%||Ground Bombing Targeting||-50.0%|
|Naval Hit Chance||-10.0%||Organization Regain||-20.0%|
|Naval Speed||-10.0%||Air Mission Efficiency||-30.0%|
Three main cities in Colombia are represented by 16 Victory Points:
Colombia does not have any alliances to begin with.
Colombia is Democratic and has the first election in February 1938. National unity is 70%.
Research and Production
At 1936 start, Colombia has 1 Military Factory (Cundinamarca), 7 Civilian factories (2 La Libertad, 5 Cundinamarca), 0 Naval dockyards and 3 free slots (2 La Libertad, 1 Meta). In total the country has 11 unlocked slots. Colombia was in 1936 already an oil-rich country and produces 20 in La Libertad state, but lacks any of the other resources that you need to acquire via Trade.
At 1936 start, Colombia has a deficit of -2 of Steel, needed for Infantry Equipment Production.
1 Military Factory
0 Naval Dockyards
7 Civilian Factories
At 1936 start, Colombia produces only Basic infantry equipment (model 1918) at 6.41/week. It can additionally produce Support Equipment and Towed Artillery I.
In 1936, Colombia starts with 2 Research slots, with the possibility to get two more through the National Focus Tree. The country begins with the following researched:
|Army Technology||Naval Technology||Air Technology||Electronics & Industry||Doctrines|
At 1936 start, Colombia heads off with 8.00 M population and, due to the Volunteer Only Conscription Law, 120.15 K Total Manpower. Used Manpower is 25.80 K with 500 for the Navy and 600 for the Airforce. This leaves a Free Manpower of 93.75 K.
At 1936 start, Colombia has:
|6 Infantry Divisions||0 Cavalry Divisions||0 Mountaineer Divisions||0 Light Tank Divisions|
The infantry divisions each have the following characteristics:
|General||Base Stats||Combat Stats||Misc Stats||Adjusters||Movement||Attack||Defense|
|División de Infantería||Max Speed||2.6 km/h||Soft Attack||3.7||Attrition||0%||Forest||+1.5%||-1.2%||+7.5%|
|Infantry||3||Recovery Rate||0.30||Air Attack||0.0||Mountain||-1.2%||-2.5%|
|Division Equipment Ratio||30%||Supply use||0.33||Armor||0.0||Marsh||+6.0%||+7.5%|
One general is available at game start:
|Gustavo Rojas Pinilla||Attack: +15.0%
Urban Assault Specialist
Urban: Movement: +5.0%, Attack: +10.0%, Defense: +10.0%
At 1936 start, Colombia has two Naval bases in La Libertad at the Caribbean Sea; 5/10 developed, Capacity 50 (~Cartagena) and 1/10 developed, Capacity 10 (~Barranquilla). The Armada Nacional, the National Navy, is stationed with two Destroyer I in Cartagena. The country has 15 Convoys.
At 1936 start, Colombia has two airfields, 1 in La Libertad (capacity: 800 planes) and 1 in Cundinamarca (capacity: 400). 30 Fighters are stationed at the Cundinamarca airfield. At 1936 start, Colombia can additionally produce IW Carrier Fighter planes and Transport Plane I.
Strategies and Guides
Colombia starts in a favorable geographical position with access to both the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean. Although no naval bases are built at the western seaway in the Western Canal Zone (Pacific), it is possible to build them there to have two naval fronts. The country is surrounded by 巴拿马 (Democratic) with the Panama Canal occupied by 美利坚合众国 with just 3, but very strong infantry divisions with artillery. The eastern neighbors are 委内瑞拉 that is Fascist and 巴西 which is Non-Aligned. In the south are 厄瓜多尔 (Democratic) and 秘鲁 (Democratic with the Fascist party ruling in 1936 with 51%).
The 荷兰 is just off the coast to the northeast with Curaçao. Farther to the north are Jamaica, ruled by 联合王国 and farther north the Caribbean countries 古巴 (Democratic), 海地 (idem) and 多米尼加共和国 (Fascist). All Latin American neighbors are guaranteed by United States, just like Colombia itself.
The production capacity of the country is low at the start of the game, with 7 Civilian Factories and only 1 Military Factory. All resources need to be traded, except for oil which is plenty with 20. A good idea is to boost the industrial construction with the National Focus Tree on Industrial Effort -> Construction Effort, reaching the Extra Research Slot as fast as possible. That combined with the Research on Industry to enhance the capacity of the country. Because of the low capacity, it makes most sense to start the game playing Colombia in 1936, not 1939.
Politics and Diplomacy
Democratic Colombia is surrounded by two Democratic countries, Panama and Ecuador, 2 Fascist countries Venezuela and Peru and Non-Aligned Brazil. As popularity of the ruling Democratic party is 99%, with only the Communist party at 1%, it takes quite a while to change Ideology. The historically most correct way would be to stay Democratic and Neutral. For gameplay and to be able to declare war on your neighbors without too much World Tension, it makes sense to shift to Fascism or Communism; due to your neighbors, the former is the far better option, also to join the Axis Faction. The only Communist country in the whole Americas is landlocked and poor 巴拉圭.
To move to Fascism, several options are offered and if you want to prevent your country to end up in Civil War and be divided in two (La Libertad turns away, making you lose your Caribbean Naval Bases, all of your oil, and the time and troops to gain La Libertad back), the best option is to go for population reforms around the elections of 1938. When Colombia turns Fascist, it takes the name Nueva Gran Colombia, referring to the historical Gran Colombia times when present-day Venezuela and Ecuador (and Panama) were part of the country. In case you choose to go for a Communist Colombia, the name changes to Colombian Socialist Republic.
Note that although the United States is guaranteeing your neighboring countries (and yourself), they only take action when a European power invades Latin America, allowing you to expand freely in most of the Americas (the British, Dutch and French colonies are not guaranteed) without them intervening.
Political Advisors can be used to turn your country Fascist or Communist and to boost your industry there are various options. You may want your military command to focus on land battles first with naval battles and airforce for later, depending on the direction you take.
Colombia starts rich in oil in La Libertad state, but lacks any of the other resources, so you need your 15 convoys and most of your Civilian factories for Trade. Ecuador has 2 , Peru 18 and 2 Tungsten, and Venezuela is extremely oil-rich with 184 . The Guyanas host vast resources of Aluminum; 112 in British Guyana, 12 in Suriname and 104 in French Guiana. Farther south, 玻利维亚 is rich in (102) and has 2 Steel and 智利 hosts 24 . Chromium can be acquired in Central America, between Panama and Mexico, but especially Cuba (160). Brazil is generally poor in resources, but dominates the South American Rubber market with 30.
Logical focuses for war are your weak southern neighbors; especially one mainland state Ecuador(South Colombia) and Peru. Venezuela is the next target later on, as they are simply East Colombia and must be reincorporated. Another set of possible targets that have little unlocked slots but major aluminum resources are the Guyanas, from west to east colonies of 联合王国 (British Guyana), 荷兰 (Suriname) and 法国 (French Guiana). While they are fighting with the Axis in Europe and Africa, their colonies are sparsely occupied by minor troops and can be easily taken with Naval Invasions, just as Jamaica, Trinidad and Belize (British Mexico). Your northwestern neighbor Panama is split into two parts with the US occupied but very important Panama Canal in between, a good strategy for the longer term. Because of this barrier, you need Naval Invasions for the northern part of Panama. There are only three US divisions stationed at the crucial Panama Canal, but they are extremely strong in Attack (Soft and Hard) and Defense and trying to conquer the Canal brings you into war with the far superior United States. To get to conquer the Panama Canal you also need a lot of naval and air superiority.
Because of the terrain (mountainous) and weather (jungle, hot, storm), the attrition is very high and armor (tanks) is not very effective. Better to focus on a lot of Infantry, armed with Artillery, to succeed in the Andes and surrounding jungles. Air superiority is not a major problem; your neighbours have small Airforces. After you turned Fascist (or Communist), the access for your Navy through the Panama Canal is blocked, but you can build a Naval Base at the Pacific coast in Cundinamarca (or western La Libertad) to maintain access to both sea regions.
For the longer term strategy when you want to expand into the Caribbean, up to the southern US, Brazil, Chile or northern Central America, and need longer range Air superiority, you may want to research Carriers as the Carrier Version Fighter plane is already researched at game start. Or alternatively research paratroopers and/or marines for invading the Caribbean islands and/or Central America easier. Note that to gain Victory Points in Brazil, you need to cross the enormous Amazon rainforest with high attrition and many rivers, so you might want to have established multiple fronts in the south (Bolivia, Argentina) and north (Guyanas) as well as carriers for air superiority before you start that major task.